Piedmont Regional Jail Authority is a minimum to high-security facility located in Farmville, VA that serves the counties of Amelia, Buckingham, Cumberland, Lunenburg, Nottoway, and Prince Edward.  Over the past two decades, Piedmont Regional Jail Authority has consistently been recognized as one of the best managed facilities in Virginia.  Fiscally, Piedmont Regional Jail Authority has been recognized as the Virginia facility with the lowest cost-per-day for inmate incarceration.

The idea of a regional jail was first tossed around in the early 1980s.  At the time, there were three small, antiquated jails in the six counties. The jails could not continue to meet recertification standards and each was holding 50-100% over its rated capacity.  As a result, many inmates were being incarcerated outside of the six-county area.

Recognizing the overcrowded conditions, costs of building individual county jails, and physical conditions of existing jails, an ad hoc committee recommended to each of the county boards of supervisors that a regional jail be appointed, consisting of two members from each county, to proceed with plans for construction of a regional jail.

Subsequently, each county appointed two members to serve on the Piedmont Regional Jail Board, and a contractual agreement was created between the counties and approved by all six county boards of supervisors.  Piedmont Regional Jail Authority opened on May 11, 1988 with the capacity to house 101 male and female inmates.  After several facility expansions, Piedmont Regional Jail Authority has increased its staffing needs and inmate capacity sizably. Today, the facility employs 115 individuals and currently houses over 700 male and female inmates, including U.S. Marshal inmates, and state and local inmates.